WGEO Reading List

Last revised December 20, 2020


The following reading list contains articles in areas related to the interests of the WGEO. Suggestions for additions and changes are encouraged.

Animal Welfare

Fine, Aubrey H., ed. Handbook on animal-assisted therapy: Foundations and guidelines for animal-assisted interventions. Academic press, 2019. https://www.elsevier.com/books/handbook-on-animal-assisted-therapy/fine/978-0-12-801292-5


Hatch, Niall. “Highlights from the ‘International Dawn Chorus 2019’ radio broadcast.” Birdlife International. Stichting BirdLife Europe. 8 July 2019. Web. 8 May 2020. https://www.birdlife.org/europe-and-central-asia/news/highlights-‘international-dawn-chorus-2019’-radio-broadcast?utm_source=BirdLife+International+News+Notifications&utm_campaign=8635fc494f-Summary_news_notification&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_4122f13b8a-8635fc494f-134032161&mc_cid=8635fc494f&mc_eid=23dc79b8aa


Moss, Stephen. “Crisis crescendos: how the Proms is sounding the alarm for a planet in peril.” The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. 18 July 2019. Web. 8 May 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/music/2019/jul/18/crisis-crescendos-how-the-proms-is-sounding-the-alarm-for-a-planet-in-peril 



“Big data for biodiversity: Global Biodiversity Information Facility surpasses one billion records.” United Nations, Decade on Biodiversity. 9 July, 2018. https://www.cbd.int/doc/press/2018/pr-2018-07-09-cbd-gbif-en.pdf Press release.


Palmer, Christina. “Post-2020 global biodiversity framework: Discussion paper.” Convention on Biological Diversity. 25 January 2019. Web. 4 May 2020. https://www.cbd.int/doc/c/d431/b38f/3d580bb73e7c2b5aaa286310/post2020-prep-01-01-en.pdf


Tsioumani, Elsa. “On the Road to the 2020 UN Biodiversity Conference: Imagining the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.”  SDG Knowledge Hub. International Institute for Sustainable Development. 30 May, 2019. Web. 11 May, 2020. https://sdg.iisd.org/commentary/policy-briefs/on-the-road-to-the-2020-un-biodiversity-conference-imagining-the-post-2020-global-biodiversity-framework/


Wilson, Edward O. "The biological diversity crisis." BioScience 35.11 (1985): 700-706.https://liberiafti.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/wilson_biological-diversity-crisis.pdf 


Chung, Emily. “North America has lost 3 billion birds since 1970.” CBC Technology & Science. CBC/Radio-Canada. 29 September 2019. Web. 5 May 2020. https://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/bird-population-decline-1.5288454


Fitzpatrick, John W., Marra, Peter P. “The Crisis for Birds Is a Crisis for Us All.” The New York Times. The New York Times Company. 29 September 2019. Web. 5 May 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/19/opinion/crisis-birds-north-america.html?action=click&module=Opinion&pgtype=Homepage


Friedman, Lisa. “A Trump Policy ‘Clarification’ All but Ends Punishment for Bird Deaths.” The New York Times. The New York Times Company. 24 December 2019. Web. 5 May 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/24/climate/trump-bird-deaths.html 


Pennisi, Elizabeth. “Three billion North American birds have vanished since 1970, surveys show.” Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 19 September, 2019. Web. 5 May 2020. https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/09/three-billion-north-american-birds-have-vanished-1970-surveys-show


Zimmer, Carl. “Birds Are Vanishing From North America.” The New York Times. The New York Times Company. 22 September 2019. Web. 10 May 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/19/science/bird-populations-america-canada.html?action=click&module=Top%20Stories&pgtype=Homepage


“Around the world, C40 cities are taking bold climate action, leading the way towards a healthier and more sustainable future.” C40 Cities. The C40 Cities Group. Web. 14 May 2020. https://www.c40.org/


Weekes, Sue. “The rise of digital twins in smart cities.” Smart Cities World.  Smart Cities World Ltd. 6 January 2019. Web. 10 May 2020. https://www.smartcitiesworld.net/special-reports/special-reports/the-rise-of-digital-twins-in-smart-cities


Garnett, Stephen T., and Les Christidis. “Better governance will lead to better taxonomy: response to Raposo et al. (2017).” Zootaxa 4418.3 (2018): 296-298. 


Garnett, Stephen T., and Les Christidis. “Implications of changing species definitions for conservation purposes.” Bird Conservation International 17.3 (2007): 187-195. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959270907000809


Garnett, Stephen Thomas, and Les Christdis. “Science-based taxonomy still needs better governance: Response to Thomson et al. “PLoS Biology 16.3 (2018): e2005249. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2005249


Garnett, Stephen T., and Les Christidis. “Taxonomy anarchy hampers conservation.” Nature News, 546.7656 (2017): 25. https://www.nature.com/news/taxonomy-anarchy-hampers-conservation-1.22064\


Garnett, Stephen T., et al. “Principles for creating a single authoritative list of the world’s species.” PLoS Biology 18.7 (2020): e3000736 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000736


Jackson, Morgan D., Mark D. Scherz, and Scott Zona. “Taxonomy is not beholden to its dependencies: a rebuttal to Garnett and Christidis (2017).” PeerJPreprints (2017). DOI:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3060v1 


McClure, Christopher JW, et al. “Towards reconcilliation of the four world bird lists: hotspots of disagreement in taxonomy of raptors.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B287.1929 (2020): 20200683. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0683


Raposo, Marcos A., et al. “What really hampers taxonomy and conservation? A riposte to Garnett and Christidis (2017).” Zootaxa 4317.1 (2017): 179-184. https://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4317.1.10/0


Thomson, Scott A., et al. “Taxonomy based on science is necessary for global conservation.” PLoS biology 16.3 (2018): e2005075. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2005075


Zachos, Frank E., Les Christidis, and Stephen T. Garnett. “Mammalian species and the twofold nature of taxonomy: a comment on Taylor et al. 2019.” Mammalia 84.1 (2019): 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2019-0009

Climate Change

Crist, Eileen. Abundant Earth: Toward an ecological civilization. University of Chicago Press, 2019. https://www.degruyter.com/chicago/view/title/558983


Hulme, Mike. Why we disagree about climate change: Understanding controversy, inaction and opportunity. Cambridge University Press, 2009. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/261948558_Why_We_Disagree_About_Climate_Change_Understanding_Controversy_Inaction_and_Opportunity


McKibben, Bill. Falter: has the human game begun to play itself out?. Hachette UK, 2019. https://us.macmillan.com/books/9781250178268


Rich, Nathaniel. "Losing earth: The decade we almost stopped climate change." New York Times Magazine 1 (2018). https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/08/01/magazine/climate-change-losing-earth.html


Wallace-Wells, David. The uninhabitable earth: Life after warming. Tim Duggan Books, 2020. https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/books/586541/the-uninhabitable-earth-by-david-wallace-wells/


“Alliance of World Scientists.” World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity, College of Forestry Oregon State University, 22 December 2017, http://scientistswarning.forestry.oregonstate.edu/.  


“Biographies.” NO FLY Climate Sci, No Fly Climate Sci,  2018, https://noflyclimatesci.org/biographies


“BirdLife International’s Position on Climate Change.” BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK, 2015.  https://www.birdlife.org/sites/default/files/attachments/birdlife_climate_change_position_lores-november-2015.pdf


Cavicchioli, Ricardo, et al. "Scientists’ warning to humanity: microorganisms and climate change." Nature Reviews Microbiology 17.9 (2019): 569-586. https://scientistswarning.forestry.oregonstate.edu/sites/sw/files/Warning_microorganisms.pdf


“Climate Change.”  Birdlife International. Stichting BirdLife Europe. 14 May 2020. Web. 14 May 2020.https://www.birdlife.org/worldwide/programmes/climate-change


Coogan, Sean CP, et al. "Scientists’ warning on wildfire—a Canadian perspective." Canadian Journal of Forest Research 49.9 (2019): 1015-1023.   https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/full/10.1139/cjfr-2019-0094#.XXbM2ChKi70 


Finlayson, C. M., et al. "The second warning to humanity–providing a context for wetland management and policy." Wetlands 39.1 (2019): 1-5. http://scientistswarning.forestry.oregonstate.edu/sites/sw/files/Finlayson%20et%20al%202018.%20Second%20warning%20to%20humanity%20-%20a%20context%20for%20wetland....pdf


Gardner, Charlie J., and Claire FR Wordley. "Scientists must act on our own warnings to humanity." Nature Ecology & Evolution 3.9 (2019): 1271-1272.  https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-019-0979-y


Langin, Katie. “Why some climate scientists are saying no to flying.” Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 13 May 2019. Web. 5 May 2020. https://www.sciencemag.org/careers/2019/05/why-some-climate-scientists-are-saying-no-flying.


Mammola, Stefano, et al. "Scientists' warning on the conservation of subterranean ecosystems." BioScience 69.8 (2019): 641-650. https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/biosci/biz064/5519083?redirectedFrom=fulltext 


O'Brien, Kevin James. The violence of climate change: Lessons of resistance from nonviolent activists. Georgetown University Press, 2017. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1qft25x 


“Onlinestreik am 24 April.”  Klimastreik. NaturFreunde Berlin. 24 April 2019,  https://www.klima-streik.org 


“Resources.” NO FLY Climate Sci, No Fly Climate Sci,  2018, https://noflyclimatesci.org/resources.


Ripple, William J., et al. "World scientists’ warning of a climate emergency." BioScience (2019). https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/70/1/8/5610806 


“School strike for climate.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation Inc.,  4 May 2020,  Web. 16 May 2020. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School_strike_for_climate.


Sueur, Jérôme, Bernie Krause, and Almo Farina. "Climate Change Is Breaking Earth’s Beat." Trends in ecology & evolution 34.11 (2019): 971-973. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169534719302265


“Welcome.” NO FLY Climate Sci, No Fly Climate Sci,  2018, https://noflyclimatesci.org.


Olson, Mancur. The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups, Second Printing with a New Preface and Appendix. Vol. 124. Harvard University Press, 2009. https://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674537514


Amodio, Joseph V. “20 Minutes With: Cyrill Gutsch of Parley for the Oceans.” Penta. 8 April 2019. Dow Jones & Company, Inc. 16 May 2020. https://www.barrons.com/articles/20-minutes-with-cyrill-gutsch-of-parley-for-the-oceans-01554752089


“For the Oceans.” Parley. Parley for the Oceans. Web. 15 May 2020. https://www.parley.tv/#fortheoceans


“The Brewing Problem of the ‘To Go’ Coffee Cup.” The Zero Waste Canada Blog. Zero Waste Canada. 20 September 2017. Web. 1 May 2020. https://zerowastecanada.ca/the-brewing-problem-of-the-to-go-coffee-cup/


“FAQ.” BOU Twitter Conferences.  British Ornithologists' Union. October 2018. Web. 4 May 2020. https://bou.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/TC-FAQs.pdf


Hasan, Mejs. “New University Rules Encourage Scientists to Avoid Air Travel.” Wired. Condé Nast. 3 July 2018. Web. 4 May 2020. https://www.wired.com/story/climate-scientists-take-the-train/


Kellogg, Kathryn. ”10 Tips for Throwing a Large Zero Waste Event.” Going Zero Waste. Mediavine Food. 15 February 2019.  Web 5 May 2020. https://goingzerowaste.com/blog/10-tips-for-throwing-a-large-zero-waste-event/ 


Kier-Byfield, Sophia. “As an academic, should I worry about my conference carbon footprint?” The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. 11 June 2019. Web. 4 May 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/education/2019/jun/11/as-academics-should-we-worry-about-our-conference-carbon-footprint


Olson, Isaac. “Leave a $5 deposit, get a reusable coffee cup.” CBC. CBC/Radio-Canada. 4 May 2019. Web. 5 May 2020. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/la-tasse-reusable-coffee-cups-quebec-1.5116342 


“Plogging: an eco-friendly fitness mashup of jogging and picking up trash.” Jogging and Picking up litter come together in ‘plogging’  CBC News. CBC/Radio-Canada. 27 March 2018. Web. 5 May 2020. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/plogging-jogging-trash-pick-up-1.4594739 


Pramanik, Malabika. “We Have to Stop Meeting LIke This: The Climate Cost of Conferences.” The Tyee. The Tyee. 22 July 2019. Web. 10 May 2020.  https://thetyee.ca/Analysis/2019/07/22/Climate-Cost-Conferences/


Promotion of making traditional pottery making practices in Eastern Kenya”  Intangible Cultural Heritage. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 14 September 2016. Web. 4 May 2020. https://ich.unesco.org/en/assistances/promotion-of-traditional-pottery-making-practices-in-eastern-kenya-01021  


“Quebec’s Green Party proposes deposit system for reusable ‘to-go’ coffee cups.” CBC. CBC/Radio-Canada. 7 August 2018. Web. 4 May. 2020 https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/reusable-coffee-cups-green-party-1.4776056


“Shade Coffee is for the Birds: But even in the Ethiopian home of Arabica, forests are needed too.” University of Utah News. University of Utah, 5 February 2015. Web. 1 May 2020. https://archive.unews.utah.edu/news_releases/shade-coffee-is-for-the-birds/ 


“The Third World Circular Economy Forum 3-4 June 2019.” WCEF Bulletin 208.36.  International Institute for Sustainable Development. 7 June 2019. https://www.economiecirculaire.org/articles/h/download-the-wcef2019-summary-world-circular-economy-forum-2019.html


Callaghan, Corey T., et al. “Unnatural history: is a paradigm shift of natural history in 21st century ornithology needed?” Ibis 160.2 (2018): 475-480. https://doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12555


“About.” atree,org. Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment. 2019. Web. 1 April 2020. https://www.atree.org/about 


Dattatri, Shekar. “The Race to Save the Amur Falcon.” YouTube. 17 April 2017. Video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d6fM4wrilJo 


“Invasive Species Strategy for British Columbia.” Invasive Species Council of BC, 2017.  https://www.bcinvasives.ca/documents/Invasive_Species_Strategy_for_BC-2018-180117-WEB.pdf


Ogada, Modecai. “The need for ‘Human Rigour’ in Wildlife Conservation Study.” YouTube.  Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment. 18 October 2019. Video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GHkJ1j4hbdM


“Young people taking action for conservation.” ACT!ON For Conservation. Action for Conversation, 2019. Web. 15 May 2020.   https://www.actionforconservation.org/


Neate, Rupert. “Drone deliveries soar in rural Scotland during coronavirus outbreak.” The Guardian. Guardian News. 29 May 2020 Web. 10 July 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/may/29/drone-deliveries-soar-in-rural-scotland-during-coronavirus-outbreak?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other


Brisson-Curadeau, Émile, et al. "Seabird species vary in behavioural response to drone census." Scientific Reports 7.1 (2017): 1-9. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-18202-3


Canal, David, et al. "Decoration increases the conspicuousness of raptor nests." PloS one 11.7 (2016): e0157440. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4959696/


Canal, David, and Juan José Negro. "Use of drones for research and conservation of birds of prey." Birds of Prey. Springer, Cham, 2018. 325-337. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326086369_Use_of_Drones_for_Research_and_Conservation_of_Birds_of_Prey


Chabot, Dominique, and David M. Bird. "Small unmanned aircraft: precise and convenient new tools for surveying wetlands." Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems 1.01 (2013): 15-24. https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/juvs-2013-0014#.XwkRrS0ZNZ1


Chabot, Dominique, and David M. Bird. "Wildlife research and management methods in the 21st century: Where do unmanned aircraft fit in?." Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems 3.4 (2015): 137-155. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283284133_Wildlife_research_and_management_methods_in_the_21st_century_Where_do_unmanned_aircraft_fit_in



Desrochers, André, et al. "Estimating wildlife tag location errors from a vhf receiver mounted on a drone." Drones 2.4 (2018): 44. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329558829_Estimating_Wildlife_Tag_Location_Errors_from_a_VHF_Receiver_Mounted_on_a_Drone


Dwyer, James F., Daryl D. Austin, and Chelsea Beebe. "Unmanned aircraft systems enable three-dimensional viewshed-based assessment of potential disturbance to nesting raptors by recreational rock climbing." Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems 8.1 (2019): 11-18. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/336860104_Unmanned_aircraft_systems_enable_three-dimensional_viewshed-based_assessment_of_potential_disturbance_to_nesting_raptors_by_recreational_rock_climbing



Junda, James, Erick Greene, and David M. Bird. "Proper flight technique for using a small rotary-winged drone aircraft to safely, quickly, and accurately survey raptor nests." Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems3.4 (2015): 222-236. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282840088_Proper_flight_technique_for_using_a_small_rotary-winged_drone_aircraft_to_safely_quickly_and_accurately_survey_raptor_nests


Junda, James H., et al. "Nest defense behaviour of four raptor species (osprey, bald eagle, ferruginous hawk, and red-tailed hawk) to a novel aerial intruder–a small rotary-winged drone." Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems 4.4 (2016): 217-227. https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/juvs-2016-0004?journalCode=juvs#.X0Jaii2w1By


Mulero-Pázmány, Margarita, et al. "Unmanned aircraft systems as a new source of disturbance for wildlife: A systematic review." PloS one 12.6 (2017): e0178448. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article%3Fid%3D10.1371/journal.pone.0178448 


Nuttall, Thomas. “Dr. David M. Bird – Can Drones Help Our Bird Populations?” Nuttall Ornithological Club. NUTTALL ORNIGHOLOGICAL CLUB. 4 November 2019.



Patterson, Charla, et al. "Evaluation of an unmanned aircraft system for detecting surrogate caribou targets in Labrador." Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems 4.1 (2015): 53-69. https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/juvs-2015-0014?mobileUi=0&journalCode=juvs#.XwkTfi0ZNZ0


Paul, Ellen. "Thinking of using SUA to study birds in the U.S.? Read this first!” Ornithology Exchange. 24 January 2019. Web. 20 July 2020. https://ornithologyexchange.org/articles/community/thinking-of-using-sua-to-study-birds-in-the-us-read-this-first-r260/

Paul, Ellen. "Summary of literature reporting use of drones to study birds. Guidelines to the Use of Wild Birds in Research 2018 Supplement.  Ornithological Council. 2018. Web.  20 July 2020.(note: this summary is from 2018 and will be updated) https://birdnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Drones-OCGuidelines.pdf

Potapov, E. R., et al. "Usage of UAV for Surveying Steller's Sea Eagle Nests." Raptors Conservation 27 (2013). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/260986024_Usage_of_UAV_for_Surveying_Steller%27s_Sea_Eagle_Nests_PRIMENENIE_BESPILOTNIKOV_DLA_OSMOTRA_GNEZD_BELOPLECEGO_ORLANA


Tremblay, Junior A., et al. "A low-cost technique for radio-tracking wildlife using a small standard unmanned aerial vehicle." Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems 5.3 (2017): 102-108.



Frank, Robert H. The economic naturalistès field guide: common sense principles for troubled times. Basic Books (AZ), 2009. https://www.basicbooks.com/titles/robert-h-frank/the-economic-naturalists-field-guide/9780786744404/


Ridley, Matt. “The Rational optimist: How prosperity evolves.” Brock Education: A Journal of Educational Research and Practice 21.2 (2012). https://doi.org/10.26522/brocked.v21i2.280 


Gillingham, Kenneth. “William Nordhaus and the Costs of Climate Change.”   VOX CEPR Policy Portal. Latin American and Caribbean Economics Association (LACEA). 19 October 2018. Web. 12 May 2020. https://voxeu.org/article/william-nordhaus-and-costs-climate-change


Jaccard, Mark. The Citizen's Guide to Climate Success: Overcoming Myths that Hinder Progress. Cambridge University Press, 2020. https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/citizens-guide-to-climate-success/49D99FBCBD6FCACD5F3D58A7ED80882D


Kumar, Pushpam, ed. The economics of ecosystems and biodiversity: ecological and economic foundations. UNEP/Earthprint, 2010. http://www.teebweb.org/our-publications/teeb-study-reports/ecological-and-economic-foundations/ 


OECD. “Biodiversity: Finance and the Economic and Business Case for Action.” OECD Publishing, 2019.



Pittis, Don. “Greta Thunberg was right: There is an alternative to ‘eternal economic growth.” CBC. CBC/Radio-Canada. 26 September 2019. Web. 12 May 2020. https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/business-climate-strike-1.5293916

Environmental Footprints

AFP. “Internet’s environmental footprints on green earth.” Global Village Space. Global Village Space. Web. 15 May 2020. https://www.globalvillagespace.com/internets-environmental-footprints-on-green-earth/


Clark, D. & Berners-Lee, M.  What’s the carbon footprint of … the internet?” The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. 12 August 2010. Web. 5 May. 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2010/aug/12/carbon-footprint-internet


Fahrenkamp-Uppenbrink, Julia.  “Freightened: The Real Price of Shipping.” Book and media reviews from the journal Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 1 May, 2017. Web. 1 April 2020. https://blogs.sciencemag.org/books/2017/05/01/freightened-the-real-price-of-shipping/ 


“Global Warming of 1.5 ºC.” Special Report. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,  2018. https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15/


“How Ecological Footprint accounting helps us recognize that engaging in meaningful climate action is critical for our own success.” Blog. Global Footprint Network.  9 November 2017. Web.  420 April 2020. https://www.footprintnetwork.org/2017/11/09/ecological-footprint-climate-change/


“Infographic: The carbon footprint of the internet.” Carboncare. ClimateCare Oxford Limited.  13 April 2015. Web. 30 April 2020.  https://climatecare.org/infographic-the-carbon-footprint-of-the-internet/


“Oceans Plastic Charter.” C7 2018 Charlevoix. Government of Canada. 9 June 2018. https://www.international.gc.ca/world-monde/assets/pdfs/international_relations-relations_internationales/g7/2018-06-09-healthy_oceans-sante_oceans-annex-en.pdf


Naraghi, Alireza. “This Ontario town is trying to be Canada’s first carbon-neutral community.” Maclean’s. St. Joseph Communications. 23 July 2019. Web. 4 May 2020.



Ripple, William J., et al. "World scientists’ warning to humanity: A second notice." BioScience 67.12 (2017): 1026-1028.Union of Concerned Scientists (1997). World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/bix125 



“The Birdwatchers’ code.” Watching Birds. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds,  2020. Web. 15 May, 2020. https://www.rspb.org.uk/birds-and-wildlife/wildlife-guides/birdwatching/the-birdwatchers-code/ 


“Code of Conduct.” Nature Photographers Network. Nature Photographers Network, 2020. Web, 15 May 2020.  https://naturephotographers.network/code-of-conduct/


“Code of Ethics.” WSO. Wisconsin Society for Ornithology. 2020. Web. 15 May 2020. https://wsobirds.org/about-wso/code-of-ethics


“Code of Professional Conduct.” Governance. American Ornithological Society,  2020.



“Diversity Statement.” Governance. American Ornithological Society,  Mar 2015.   https://americanornithology.org/about/governance/diversity-statement/ 


O'Brien, Kevin J. An ethics of biodiversity: Christianity, ecology, and the variety of life. Georgetown University Press, 2010.


“Non-Discrimination Policy.” Governance. American Ornithological Society,  Mar 2015. https://americanornithology.org/about/governance/non-discrimination-policy/ 


“NRS Code of Conduct.” Nest Record Scheme. British Trust for Ornithology, 2019. https://www.bto.org/our-science/projects/nrs/coc


“PSG Code of Conduct.” Code of Conduct. Pacific Seabird Group. 19 December 2019. Web. 15 May 2020. https://pacificseabirdgroup.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/PSG_CodeOfConduct_v5.2_20191220.pdf


“Social Media & Commenting Policy.” Governance. American Ornithological Society,  2020.



“VSO's Principles of Birding Ethics.” VSO. Virginia Society of Ornithology. May 2018. Web. 30 April, 2020. https://www.virginiabirds.org/publications/birding-ethics


Kolbert, Elizabeth. The sixth extinction: An unnatural history. A&C Black, 2014. https://books.google.ca/books?id=wlnCAwAAQBAJ&lpg=PA1&ots=hqDvCkHVmn&dq=The%20sixth%20extinction%3A%20An%20unnatural%20history&lr&pg=PA1#v=onepage&q=The%20sixth%20extinction:%20An%20unnatural%20history&f=false 


“Agents of Change: The Winter ’19 Campaign.” Stella’s World. Stella McCartney Ltd. 24 July 2019.   Web. 1 May 2020. https://www.stellamccartney.com/experience/us/agents-of-change-the-winter-19-campaign/


Franklin-Wallis, Oliver. “Stella McCartney is on a quest to save you from the fashion industry.” Wired Magazine. Condé Nast Publications,  6 December 2018. Web. 30 April 2020. https://www.wired.co.uk/article/stella-mccartney-sustainable-fashion

Flying and carbon footprints

Kjellman, Sofia E. "As a climate researcher, should I change my air-travel habits?." Nature 571.7766 (2019). https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01652-2 


Williams, David Samuel. “How those researching adaptation to climate change might reduce their own carbon footprints.” Nature Careers Community. Springer Nature Ltd. 16 September 2019.          https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-02778-z?utm_source=Nature+Briefing&utm_campaign=3cf3af98e0-briefing-dy-20190918&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_c9dfd39373-3cf3af98e0-43322213

Human and Bird Interactions 

Dobrovic, Joan. “A Chip on her shoulder.” Cleveland.com. Advance Local Media. 27 June, 2019. Web. 15 May 2020.



Perrie, Robin. “BUDGIE SMUGGLERS Elderly couple heartbroken after brazen burglars steal their beloved budgies.” The Sun. News Group Newspapers Limited. 1 July 2019. Web. 11 May 2020. https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/9414352/burglars-stole-beloved-budgies/

Human Overabundance

“About Us.” PopulationConnection.org. Population Connection, 2020. Web 15 May 2020.  https://www.populationconnection.org/us/


Büscher, Bram, and Robert Fletcher. "Why EO Wilson is wrong about how to save the Earth." Aeon. Aeon Media Group Ltd. 1 Mar 2016. Web 1 Mar 2020.  https://aeon.co/ideas/why-e-o-wilson-is-wrong-about-how-to-save-the-earth


“Human Population Growth and Extinction.” Extinction. Centre for Biological Diversity. 2019. Web. 20 15 April 2020. https://www.biologicaldiversity.org/programs/population_and_sustainability/extinction/


Korten, David. “A 21st Century Economics for the People of a Living Earth (Version 3).” Living Economies Archive. Living Economies Forum, 2 July 2019. https://davidkorten.org/a-21st-century-economics-for-the-people-of-a-living-earth-version-3/ 


Krauss, A., Kastning, T. “Klimawandel: Stoppt das Bevölkerungswachstum!” GEO. Gruner + Jahr. 15 November 2016. https://www.geo.de/natur/nachhaltigkeit/15196-rtkl-klimawandel-stoppt-das-bevoelkerungswachstum


McKie, Robin. “Half-Earth: Our Planet’s Fight for Life by Edward O Wilson - review.” The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. 11 April 2016. Web. May 5 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/apr/11/half-earth-planets-fight-for-life-edward-o-wilson-review


Roberts, David. “I’m an environmental journalist, but I never write about overpopulation. Here’s why.Since you asked (many times).” Vox. Vox Media. 29 November 2018. Web 10 May 2019. https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2017/9/26/16356524/the-population-question 


Roser M., Ritchie H., & Ortiz-Ospina, E. “World Population Growth.” Our World in Data. All of Our World in Data. 2013. Revision May 2019. Web. 10 May 2020. https://ourworldindata.org/world-population-growth


Seal, A. “I Was Determined to Not Have Kids. Then I Heard Wajahat Ali Speak.” The Tyee. 7 May 2019. Web. 10 May 2020. https://thetyee.ca/Analysis/2019/05/07/Kids-No-Kids/ 


Starkey, Marian. “E. O. Wilson: Runaway population growth at epicenter of environmental problems.” Church and State. Network for Church Monitoring. June 2019. Web. 30 April 2020.    http://churchandstate.org.uk/2019/06/e-o-wilson-runaway-population-growth-at-epicenter-of-environmental-problems/,


Wolf, Achim. “Overpopulation | Explanation & solution.” Petition Update.  Change.org, PBC. 25 October 2018. Web. 1 May 2020. https://www.change.org/p/weltweite-geburtenregelungen-verbindlich-einf%C3%BChren-introduce-obligatory-worldwide-birth-controls/u/23477093


Wolf, Achim. “Überbevölkerung stoppen - Katastrophen abwenden! Stop overpopulation - avert catastrophes! “ Change.org, PBC. 2019. Web. 1 May 2020/ https://www.change.org/p/f%C3%BChren-sie-weltweite-geburtenregelungen-ein-introduce-worldwide-birth-regulations


World Population by year.” Worldometer.  Worldometers Info. 2020. Web. 15 May 2020. https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/world-population-by-year/



“Unity in Biocultural Diversity.” Terralingua.org.  Terralingua. 2020. Web. https://terralingua.org   


Monetization of Nature

Andersson, Tommy D., and Erik Lundberg. "Commensurability and sustainability: Triple impact assessments of a tourism event." Tourism management 37 (2013): 99-109. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261517713000034


Homberger, D.G. (2015) – Understanding Other Species' Needs: The Monetization of Nature -- Self-Restraint and a Global Rationing System of Natural Resources as an Antidote. Chapter 5.  Pp. 91-139 in Ecopsychology: Advances from the Intersection of Psychology and Environmental Protection. Volume I: Science and Theory (R.B. Hamilton & D.G. Nemeth, eds.). Praeger, Santa Barbara, CA.  https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282366912_Homberger_DG_2015_The_Monetization_of_Nature_Self-Restraint_and_a_Global_Rationing_System_of_Natural_Resources_as_an_Antidote_Chapter_5_in_Ecopsychology_Advances_from_the_Intersection_of_Psychology_an


Assembly, General. Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development, United Nations, New York. Resolution A/RES/70/1, 25 September 2015. Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda September 2015 – United Nations General Assembly. http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1&Lang=E


Emanuel, Kerry.  Divine wind: the history and science of hurricanes. Oxford university press, 2005. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/divine-wind-9780195149418


Oreskes, Naomi. Why trust science? Princeton University Press, 2019. https://press.princeton.edu/books/paperback/9780691212265/why-trust-science


“Arena of the Future.” Sports Illustrated, 12 (2007). https://www.si.com/vault/2007/03/12/8402408/arena-of-the-future



Bernard, Enrico, and Felipe PL Melo. "Fuleco™ revisited: Football, conservation and lessons learned from the 2014 FIFA World Cup." Biotropica 51.4 (2019): 473-476. https://rdcu.be/bJXGC


Wolff, Alexander. "Sports and global warming: as the planet changes, so do the games we play–time to pay attention." Sports Illustrated 12 (2007): 36-45. https://www.si.com/vault/issue/729840/0


Wolff, A. "Going, going green, as global warming changes the planet, it is changing the sports world: To counter the looming environmental crisis, surprising and innovative ideas are already helping sports adapt." Sports Illustrated, 12 (2007). https://www.si.com/vault/2007/03/12/8402407/going-going-green